Christology: The branch of Christian theology
relating to the person, nature, and role of Christ.
The most important question posed to humanity is this: Who is Jesus? Personally and philosophically, this question has a lot of implications. How we see Jesus has a huge impact on how we live our lives. The foundation of the Christian faith is that Jesus is God, sent to earth to take upon Himself the just penalty of our sin. We become reconciled to God by accepting our inability to meet God’s standard of righteousness by ourselves and accepting the righteousness that He offers. In that moment, we become- as the bible describes it- saved and we receive God’s Holy Spirit through whom we can know God. This knowledge is the foundation of Christian faith. I believe, however, that this knowledge of who Jesus is only the beginning of the Christology on which we build our lives. Knowing God is a journey; not an event. He continues to reveal Himself to us through His Word and through our experience of Him. I have been a Christian for almost five years now and in that time, I have come to see more of who Jesus is. Knowing Him has shaped how I live my life; my thoughts, attitudes, actions and character have been shaped by my understanding of Jesus? I want to present some biblical views on who Jesus is.
Jesus is the Word: Jesus is the central message of the bible. Jesus is the Word, Jesus is glorified in the Word, and through the Word we are drawn to intimacy with Jesus.
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God…. And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth.” (John 1:1,4)
“And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he interpreted to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning himself.” (Luke 24:27)
Jesus is God explained: Everyone has questions about God. The bible tells us that if we want to know anything about God, we simply need to study the life of Jesus. He is the answer to the question, “What would God do if He were in my situation.”
He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation…. For in him all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell” (Colossians 1:15,19)
“Whoever has seen me has seen the Father.” (John 14:9)
Jesus is the head of the Church: Why do we submit to the church? It’s not because the pastors are wise or the music is awesome or the food is free. For all the problems people see in the church, it remains authoritative because Jesus is its head.
“And he is the head of the body, the church” (Colossians 1:18)
“Rather, speaking the truth in love, we are to grow up in every way into him who is the head, into Christ, from whom the whole body, joined and held together by every joint with which it is equipped, when each part is working properly, makes the body grow so that it builds itself up in love.” (Ephesians 4:15,16)
Jesus makes me good enough: Everyone is a sinner, and by that measure, nobody has the moral authority to call out another person’s flaws. Yet through Jesus’ grace, and not on our merit, we are given a mission to address the sin in the world around us and introduce people to Jesus.
“Not that we are sufficient in ourselves to claim anything as coming from us, but our sufficiency is from God” (2 Cor 3:5)
“…though formerly I was a blasphemer, persecutor, and insolent opponent. But I received mercy because I had acted ignorantly in unbelief, and the grace of our Lord overflowed for me with the faith and love that are in Christ Jesus.” (1 Timothy 1:13,14)
Jesus is my access to God: Why do I believe that God hears me when I pray? Why do I stand fully assured of my place with God in eternity when I die? In the Old Testament, the presence of God was lethal to humanity, but by Jesus we can stand before God and have relationship with Him.
“Therefore, brothers, since we have confidence to enter the holy places by the blood of Jesus, by the new and living way that he opened for us through the curtain, that is, through his flesh, and since we have a great priest over the house of God, let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith” (Hebrews 10:19-22)
“Jesus said to him, ‘I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.’” (John 14:6)
Jesus is my confidence for the future: Life sucks sometimes. There are a million factors that are beyond my control when I think about my future. But Jesus promises that He will make the most of my life, through good times and bad.
“And we know that for those who love God all things work together for good, for those who are called according to his purpose.” (Romans 8:28)
“The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy. I came that they may have life and have it abundantly.” (John 10:10)
Jesus empowers me to serve Him: Ever read the biographies of the great missionaries and martyrs and wonder how they find the strength to give up so much for God? Ever wonder where you will find the strength to follow God’s instructions in your life? Jesus Himself empowers us to live a life pleasing to Him
“…that according to the riches of his glory he may grant you to be strengthened with power through his Spirit in your inner being” (Ephesians 3:16)
“I can do all things through him who strengthens me.” (Philippians 4:13)
Jesus is my constant companion: People will disappoint us, leave us and hurt us because they are not perfect. Jesus never will.
“For I am sure that neither death nor life, nor angels nor rulers, nor things present nor things to come, nor powers, nor height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus our Lord.” (Romans 8:38,39)
“We are afflicted in every way, but not crushed; perplexed, but not driven to despair; persecuted, but not forsaken; struck down, but not destroyed; always carrying in the body the death of Jesus, so that the life of Jesus may also be manifested in our bodies.” (2 Corinthians 4:8-10)
Jesus is sovereign: Similar to the point about the future. I don’t understand why the world is the way it is. I don’t understand why bad things happen to some people but not to others. I can’t piece together what the world will look like in a year or five or ten. One thing I do know, though, is that in the grand scheme of things, Jesus is in charge.
For by him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things were created through him and for him. And he is before all things, and in him all things hold together.” (Colossians 1:16, 17)
“I have said these things to you, that in me you may have peace. In the world you will have tribulation. But take heart; I have overcome the world.” (John 16:33)
Jesus demands to be first: Jesus isn’t satisfied with anything less than first place in the lives of those who would call Him saviour. Our entire life is to be offered up to Him to do with it what He wants.
“Whoever loves father or mother more than me is not worthy of me, and whoever loves son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me.” (Matthew 10:37)
“I appeal to you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual worship.” (Romans 12:1)
Jesus is everything I will ever need: Money is important, relationships are important, education and life plans are important. But Jesus can provide these things; they cannot provide eternal life or true earthly satisfaction.
“But he said to me, “My grace is sufficient for you, for my power is made perfect in weakness.” Therefore I will boast all the more gladly of my weaknesses, so that the power of Christ may rest upon me.” (2 Corinthians 12:9)
“His divine power has granted to us all things that pertain to life and godliness, through the knowledge of him who called us to his own glory and excellence, by which he has granted to us his precious and very great promises, so that through them you may become partakers of the divine nature, having escaped from the corruption that is in the world because of sinful desire.” (2 Peter 1:3,4)
Jesus wins: Right now, we live in a world where countless acts are done in rebellion towards God. Our world is at war: God is battling with heavenly beings seeking to usurp His throne and every human choose a side. In the end of it all, though, the Bible promises that Jesus wins.
“Then I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse! The one sitting on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he judges and makes war. His eyes are like a flame of fire, and on his head are many diadems, and he has a name written that no one knows but himself. He is clothed in a robe dipped in blood, and the name by which he is called is The Word of God. And the armies of heaven, arrayed in fine linen, white and pure, were following him on white horses. From his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations, and he will rule them with a rod of iron. He will tread the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God the Almighty. On his robe and on his thigh he has a name written, King of kings and Lord of lords. Then I saw an angel standing in the sun, and with a loud voice he called to all the birds that fly directly overhead, “Come, gather for the great supper of God, to eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of captains, the flesh of mighty men, the flesh of horses and their riders, and the flesh of all men, both free and slave, both small and great.” And I saw the beast and the kings of the earth with their armies gathered to make war against him who was sitting on the horse and against his army. And the beast was captured, and with it the false prophet who in its presence had done the signs by which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped its image. These two were thrown alive into the lake of fire that burns with sulfur. And the rest were slain by the sword that came from the mouth of him who was sitting on the horse, and all the birds were gorged with their flesh.” (Revelation 19:11-21)